The United States suffers record unemployment while Europe fares better in battling the coronavirus shutdown.
- 37.9 Public Health
- 40.2 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
Germany has improved its score a bit in the past few months, after a sharp decline in the fall. Its improvements in contact tracing, which are already likely underestimated in the data, and restrictions on public gatherings, have played important roles in this turnaround, although there has been a recent spike in cases, likely due to both recent restriction relaxations and vaccine rollout issues.
Germany’s healthy population, relatively low level of inequality, and accessible healthcare system contributed to high health and social capacity prior to COVID-19.
- Debt/GDP ratio 61.7%
- GDP/capita $55,306
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 31.9
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 86.4
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 59.9
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Jan 1.)
Public Health Directives
Germany’s public health policy score has declined since the early fall, with particularly low scores on public restrictions and very low testing levels, although the data does not adequately account for its contact tracing.
- Stay at home order 2
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 3
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 3
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $789.55
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 415.4
- Contact tracing 2
Germany’s financial response is near the median, driven down by a very poor debt relief policy.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 20.3%
- Income support 2
- Debt forebearance 0
Chancellor Merkel has delivered regular press briefings at which her scientific approach has been praised, keeping Germany among the strongest performers in this category.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Jan 1
Germany scores near the median, with a low death rate, but rising case and positivity rates.
- Total deaths 34,145
- Death rate per 100K 407.5
- Total cases 1,762,637
- Cases per 100K 21,038
- Percent of positive tests 13
- Change in positivity rates +11.9
|1||Apr 20||Smaller shops reopen||28.97|
|2||May 04||Some schools and cultural venues reopen||12.61|
|3||May 26||Restrictions are eased on gatherings of up to 10 people||5.84|
|4||Aug 18||Restriction relaxation is paused due to a rise in cases||14.63|
|5||Sep 23||New restrictions in Bavaria, including closing restaurants and bars early||20.73|
|6||Nov 02||Lockdown light: bars, restaurants, sports personal services closed nationally, gatherings limited to 5 people, hotels can't accommodate tourists||203.48|
|7||Dec 26||Lockdown tightened, as all non-essential shops, schools, and daycares close (until mid-January); some states also imposed nightly curfews||234.83|
- Record-high COVID-19 surge prompts new lockdown measures: On December 15th, 2020, Germany closed shops and schools and limited private gatherings to five people in a renewed effort to bring its COVID-19 levels under control. The new lockdown measures expand on the steps taken in November 2020, which closed bars and restaurants. Read More
- Germany seeing record COVID-19 levels as previous success fades: After initially being lauded for successfully navigating the first wave of the virus, Germany's fall surge in cases is higher compared to close those of European neighbors in France and Italy. The German government is now moving toward shutting down bars and restaurants in attempts to get the virus back under control. Read More
- Germany extends lockdown until January 31st amidst rising cases: In addition to extending lockdown measures for three weeks, German officials are tightening guidelines on social contacts, which are now in line with the original restrictions imposed at the start of the pandemic in March. Read More
- Querdenker protesters increase: Protests led by Germany’s anti-lockdown “Querdenker” (translates as: lateral thinker) movement against government COVID-prevention measures occurred throughout German cities. Read More
- Germany paused reopening amid rising infections: Germany issued a broad package of measures to mitigate a rise in cases, including pausing on re-opening, targeted testing and quarantine for travelers, fines for mask violations, and funding for digital infrastructure to support remote learning. Read More
- Calls for closer coordination: The process of easing lockdowns has been criticized as all sixteen states have taken their own approach, leading to confusion among residents about what restrictions remain in place. Read More
- Income support tied to reduced hours: Germany's income support program paid 60 percent of paychecks for employees on reduced hours. Read More
Compared with Neighboring Countries
Per 1M 74,621
While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and improved contact tracing has helped slow the spread and slightly improved its overall score since January.
Per 1M 50,837
Spain's score jumped since January to just over the median, having implemented stricter public health policies, but the country's minimal stimulus support still drags down its overall score.
Per 1M 64,892
France maintained its improved public health policy from the early fall, keeping its score relatively strong, although poor contact tracing and a relatively small stimulus package kept it from being higher.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million