The United States suffers record unemployment while Europe fares better in battling the coronavirus shutdown.
- 46.2 Public Health
- 43.1 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
Germany’s pandemic response has been praised around the world for its rapidly implemented contact tracing strategy and science-based leadership, although its public health policy declined significantly since the fall, bringing its overall score near the median; however, the data does not adequately account for Germany's contact tracing.
Germany’s healthy population, relatively low level of inequality, and accessible healthcare system contributed to high health and social capacity prior to COVID-19.
- Debt/GDP ratio 61.7%
- GDP/capita $55,306
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 31.9
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 86.4
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 59.9
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Oct 1.)
Public Health Directives
Germany’s public health policy has been relatively strong, primarily due to robust contract tracing, and more emergency healthcare funds than any other country in the Index; its score was brought down by a relaxed lockdown and limited testing.
- Stay at home order 0
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 1
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 3
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $790.13
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 202.9
- Contact tracing 2
Germany’s financial response has been driven by its generous relief policies, including a large stimulus package.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 20.3%
- Income support 2
- Debt forebearance 0
Chancellor Merkel has delivered regular press briefings at which her scientific approach has been praised.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Oct 1
Germany's Level 2 lockdown contributed to a steady fall in case rates, with the country continuing to keep cases relatively low with phased and cautious re-opening.
- Total deaths 9,500
- Death rate per 100K 113.4
- Total cases 291,722
- Cases per 100K 3,482
- Percent of positive tests 1.1
- Change in positivity rates +0.3
|1||Apr 20||Smaller shops reopen||31.81|
|2||May 04||Some schools and cultural venues reopen||13.61|
|3||May 26||Restrictions are eased on gatherings of up to 10 people||6.47|
|4||Aug 18||Restriction relaxation is paused due to a rise in cases||13.85|
|5||Sep 23||New restrictions in Bavaria, including closing restaurants and bars early.||20.91|
- Querdenker protesters increase: Protests against COVID-prevention measures occur throughout German cities; political freedom is alive and well admid the pandemic. Read More
- Germany paused reopening amid rising infections: Germany issued a broad package of measures to mitigate a rise in cases, including pausing on re-opening, targeted testing and quarantine for travelers, fines for mask violations, and funding for digital infrastructure to support remote learning. Read More
- Calls for closer coordination: The process of easing lockdown has been criticized as all sixteen states have taken their own approach, leading to confusion among residents about what restrictions remain in place. Read More
- Income support tied to reduced hours: Germany's income support program paid 60 percent of paychecks for employees on reduced hours. Read More
- Bracing for recession: The German government has predicted the country will enter its deepest recession since WWII, with the economy forecast to shrink by 6.3 percent in 2020. Read More
Compared with Neighboring Countries
Per 1M 35,894
While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and relatively strong public health policies helped slow the spread; however, its public health score has dropped significantly since the early fall, as it is now facing another wave of the pandemic.
Per 1M 31,973
Spain scores below the median, with limited restrictions on public interactions contributing to consistently high case rates and minimal stimulus support bringing down its score.
Per 1M 31,956
France has greatly improved its public health policy from the early fall with strong restrictions on social gatherings, financial support and a reliance on facts.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million