By working collectively and innovatively, the region can prevent the next security and humanitarian disaster.
- 68.9 Public Health
- 62.1 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
Ghana scores strongly on the Index, due primarily to its proactive public health policy, strong examples set by leadership, and reliance on facts; while consistently strong, it does have very weak testing, limited emergency healthcare spending, and a weak stimulus.
Ghana’s poor population health, weak healthcare system, low number of hospital beds, and low GDP per capita resulted in it being in a relatively vulnerable position pre-pandemic.
- Debt/GDP ratio 59.3%
- GDP/capita $7,343
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 43.5
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 35
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 49.7
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 5.8
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Mar 15.)
Public Health Directives
Ghana's strong contract tracing and restrictions on public gatherings garnered it a strong public health score, although the country has very limited testing and weak emergency healthcare spending.
- Stay at home order 1
- Public gathering restrictions 3
- School closings 0
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 2
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $3.22
- Travel restrictions 4
- Tests/1,000 people 31
- Contact tracing 1
Despite a relatively low case rate, Ghana provided stimulus funding to address COVID-19, although it was a small amount.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 2.6%
- Income support 0
- Debt forebearance 0
Ghana’s leadership has not engaged in the spread of misinformation or conspiracy theories in its communications, but rather emphasized prevention measures and basic hygiene practices.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Mar 15
Having managed an uptick in cases after easing restrictions, Ghana's case rate has remained among the lowest levels in the Index, although its positivity rate has gotten relatively worse in the past few months.
- Total deaths 217
- Death rate per 100K 7
- Total cases 87,985
- Cases per 100K 6
- Percent of positive tests 6.2
- Change in positivity rates +0.8
|1||Jun 05||Religious services with fewer than 100 people are allowed||9.11|
|2||Jun 15||Schools and universities reopen||0.00|
|3||Sep 01||International flights resume, with Covid-19 protocols in place||5.21|
|4||Jan 31||Reintroduced restrictions on large gatherings and sporting events, mandated restaurants run on take-away basis only, increased telework..||50.95|
- Ghana becomes first country to receive COVAX vaccine doses: Ghana will begin distributing 600,000 doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine obtained through the UN-backed COVAX distribution initiative. Read More
- Self-flying drones aiding vaccine distribution across Ghana: The U.S. firm Zipline has delivered 11,000 vaccine doses to remote areas of the country that are otherwise difficult to access through traditional logistics networks. Read More
- Ghana set to reopen schools after nine-month shutdown: All schools from kindergarten through secondary school are set to reopen on January 15th, 2021 despite surging COVID-19 cases. Read More
- Testing capacity among highest in Africa: Ghana's stepwise lockdown, widespread testing and tracing, and adaptation of health facilities with incentives and supports for healthcare workers have managed spread. Read More
- Officials model healthy behavior: Ghana's leadership has focused on setting a good example to the public. Both President Nana Akufo-Addo and his Health Minister announced in early July that they would self-isolate following a close contact testing positive for coronavirus, and Deputy Trade and Interior Minister Carlos Kingsley Ahenkorah was forced to resign after violating self-isolation protocols. Read More
- Major expansion in healthcare capacity: In mid-May it was announced that 90 new hospitals would be built as part of an overhaul of the healthcare system, which has struggled to cope with COVID-19. Read More
- Leaders fighting insurgents amid COVID-19: Ghana's relatively low case incidence and death rate is particularly impressive considering that the government has had to focus much of its attention on counter-terrorism against JNIM and ISGS, both of whom are pushing westward. Read More
Compared with Other African Countries
Per 1M 148
Senegal’s COVID-19 policy response has been very strong across the board, buoyed by strong public health directives and a reliance on science and facts.
Per 1M 686
Kenya has a strong overall policy score, although down significantly from January. However, it is consistently scoring well in all areas, particularly its reliance with respect to facts and science on COVID-19.
Per 1M 1,355
Despite having relatively weak pre-pandemic capacity, swift action and prevention-based messaging from the government helped mitigate spread early on in the crisis.
71.5South Africa 1,530,033
Per 1M 1,190
Overall, South Africa's score is relatively strong with vigorous policy implementation—particularly with respect to lockdowns—offset by its relatively meager financial response.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million