89.5 Overall Score (up 14.7 since Aug 1st.)


  • 88.2 Public Health
  • 55.4 Financial
  • 100 Fact-Based
  • 88.2 Public Health
  • 55.4 Financial
  • 100 Fact-Based

Ghana scores very strongly on the Index, due primarily to its proactive public health policy, strong examples set by leadership, and reliance on facts, but its financial response was relatively weak, with a minimal stimulus and little income support.

Pre-COVID Conditions

Ghana’s poor population health, weak healthcare system, low number of hospital beds, and low GDP per capita resulted in a relatively vulnerable position pre-pandemic.

  • Debt/GDP ratio 59.3%
  • GDP/capita $7,343
  • Gini coefficient (out of 100) 43.5
  • Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 35
  • Healthcare access score (out of 100) 49.7
  • Hospital beds/1,000 People 5.8

Government Response

Select a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Sep 1.)

Public Health Directives

Despite a relaxed lockdown and limited testing, Ghana’s public health policy is relatively strong, gathering consistently high scores in most areas.

  • Stay at home order 0
  • Public gathering restrictions 3
  • School closings 2
  • Public event cancellations 2
  • Testing policy 3
  • Emergency healthcare investments/capita $3.22
  • Travel restrictions 4
  • Tests/1,000 people 14.2
  • Contact tracing 2

Financial Response

Ghana’s financial stimulus is one of the smallest in the Index, and its government offers no income support to workers, but a comparatively low case rate despite these limitations brings its score to the median.

  • Financial stimulus as share of GDP 2.6%
  • Income support 0
  • Debt forebearance 0

Fact-Based Communication

Ghana’s leadership has avoided misinformation and conspiracy theories in its communications, emphasising prevention of spread and basic hygiene practices.

  • Reliance on science/fact based information 0
  • Press freedom 0

COVID-19 Status as of Sep 1

Ghana’s current status as to Covid-19 is very strong, boosted by a very low death rate, although the country may be testing a sicker share of its population.

  • Total deaths 276
  • Death rate per 100K 8.9
  • Total cases 44,298
  • Cases per 100K 1,426
  • Percent of positive tests 8.6
  • Change in positivity rates -10.1
Case Trend Line
Daily cases Level 2 Lockdown
Date Status New Cases/1M
1 Jun 05 Religious services with fewer than 100 people are allowed 7.27
2 Jun 15 Schools and universities reopen 10.69

Differentiating Factors

  • Testing capacity among highest in Africa: Ghana's stepwise lockdown, widespread testing and tracing, and adaptation of health facilities with incentives and supports for healthcare workers have managed spread. Read More
  • Officials model healthy behavior: Ghana's leadership has focused on setting a good example to the public. Both President Nana Akufo-Addo and his Health Minister announced in early July that they would self-isolate following a close contact testing positive for coronavirus, and deputy Trade and Interior Minister Carlos Kinglsey Ahenkorah was forced to resign after violating self-isolation protocols. Read More
  • Major expansion in healthcare capacity: In mid-May it was announced that 90 new hospitals would be built as part of an overhaul of the healthcare system, which has struggled to cope with COVID-19. Read More
  • Leaders fighting insurgents amid COVID-19: Ghana's relatively low case incidence and death rate is particularly impressive considering that the government has had to focus much of its attention on counter-terrorism against JNIM and ISGS, both of whom are pushing westward. Read More
Compared with Other African Countries
  • 78
    Senegal 13,611
    Per 1M

    Senegal’s COVID-19 policy response has been relatively strong across the board, buoyed by a high degree of preparedness and a reliance on facts and science.

  • 92
    Kenya 34,201
    Per 1M

    Kenya has a very strong overall policy score, consistently scoring well in all areas, particularly its reliance on facts and science on COVID-19.

  • 79
    Ethiopia 52,131
    Per 1M

    Despite having relatively weak pre-pandemic capacity, swift action and prevention-based messaging from the government helped to mitigate spread early on in the crisis; however, Ethiopia faced a notable uptick in cases in August following easing of quarantine restrictions.

  • 53.1
    South Africa 627,041
    Per 1M

    South Africa has had a medium policy response, driven by a vigorous lockdown, although its financial response, particularly its relatively small stimulus package, brings its score down. Despite its high score, its limited testing might explain why it is experiencing a spike in cases.

Further Reading From Foreign Policy

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New Zealand

Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:

Pre-COVID Conditions:

  • Debt to GDP ratio
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Hospital beds per 1,000 people
  • Gini coefficients measuring inequality
  • Health access and quality

COVID-19 Public Health Directives:

  • Stay-at home orders
  • School-closing policy
  • Public-gathering restrictions
  • Cancellation of public events
  • Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
  • Emergency healthcare spending per capita
  • Travel restrictions
  • Contact tracing

COVID-19 Financial Response:

  • Stimulus package as a share of GDP
  • Income support
  • Debt-forbearance

Public Communications:

  • Instances of misinformation by leadership
  • Limitations on press freedom, censorship

Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:

  • Death rates per 1 million
  • Case rates per 1 million