43.4 Overall Score (down 22.2 since Aug 1st.)

Italy

  • 57.4 Public Health
    Directives
  • 0 Financial
    Response
  • 100 Fact-Based
    Communication
  • 57.4 Public Health
    Directives
  • 0 Financial
    Response
  • 100 Fact-Based
    Communication

While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and relatively strong public health policies helped slow the spread; however, its public health score has dropped significantly since the early fall, as it is now facing another wave of the pandemic.

Pre-COVID Conditions

Despite a relatively strong overall healthcare system, Italy’s low number of hospital beds likely played a major role in COVID-19’s devastating impact there.

  • Debt/GDP ratio 135.5%
  • GDP/capita $41,582
  • Gini coefficient (out of 100) 35.9
  • Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
  • Healthcare access score (out of 100) 88.7
  • Hospital beds/1,000 People 24.1

Government Response

Select a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Jan 1.)
57.4

Public Health Directives

Italy’s limited testing and low emergency healthcare spending likely played a role in it becoming an epicenter of the pandemic early on, but its policy response likely helped the country manage its first wave; however, it is still near the median score for public health, which is a concern, given its rapid rise in cases.

  • Stay at home order 2
  • Public gathering restrictions 4
  • School closings 3
  • Public event cancellations 2
  • Testing policy 2
  • Emergency healthcare investments/capita $122.23
  • Travel restrictions 3
  • Tests/1,000 people 442.5
  • Contact tracing 1
0

Financial Response

Italy has a very weak score on financial support, driven largely by its low level of income support for workers, which it also implemented fairly late in the crisis.

  • Financial stimulus as share of GDP 13%
  • Income support 1
  • Debt forebearance 2
100

Fact-Based Communication

Italy’s government has not engaged in misinformation or limited press freedom in response to COVID-19.

  • Reliance on science/fact based information 0
  • Press freedom 0

COVID-19 Status as of Jan 1

Italy’s current status with regard to COVID-19 is weak; it has experienced a substantial rise in both case and death rates since the early fall as it may be entering a second wave, although strong restrictions have helped lower case rates substantially.

  • Total deaths 74,621
  • Death rate per 100K 1234.2
  • Total cases 2,129,376
  • Cases per 100K 35,219
  • Percent of positive tests 11.9
  • Change in positivity rates +10
Case Trend Line
Daily cases Level 1 Lockdown Level 2 Lockdown Level 3 Lockdown
Date Status New Cases/1M
1 May 18 Retail, restaurants, and hairdressers reopen 14.35
2 May 25 Sports facilities reopen 10.09
3 Jun 15 cinemas and theaters reopened 4.75
4 Aug 17 Nightclubs close, masks mandated 8.06
5 Sep 14 Some schools reopen 23.57
6 Sep 18 Relaxes ban on spectators at sporting events, allowing up to 1,000 fans per game 23.95
7 Oct 25 Restaurants and bars must close at 6pm, max of 4 people per table 263.55
8 Nov 05 National curfew from 10pm to 5am, all museums and galleries close, all shopping centers close on weekends, schools go full-time online, public transportation only allowed with 50% capacity (from 80% before) 492.13

Differentiating Factors

Compared with Neighboring/Nearest Countries
  • 41.2
    Switzerland 452,296
    Cases
    52,261
    Per 1M
    7,704
    Deaths

    Switzerland's reliance on facts and an open media drove its score up to the median, helping to counter weak financial support and limited restrictions on social interactions.

  • 80.4
    France 2,697,014
    Cases
    41,319
    Per 1M
    64,892
    Deaths

    France has greatly improved its public health policy from the early fall with strong restrictions on social gatherings, financial support and a reliance on facts.

  • 41
    Spain 1,928,265
    Cases
    41,242
    Per 1M
    50,837
    Deaths

    Spain scores below the median, with limited restrictions on public interactions contributing to consistently high case rates and minimal stimulus support bringing down its score.

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New Zealand

Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:

Pre-COVID Conditions:

  • Debt to GDP ratio
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Hospital beds per 1,000 people
  • Gini coefficients measuring inequality
  • Health access and quality

COVID-19 Public Health Directives:

  • Stay-at home orders
  • School-closing policy
  • Public-gathering restrictions
  • Cancellation of public events
  • Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
  • Emergency healthcare spending per capita
  • Travel restrictions
  • Contact tracing

COVID-19 Financial Response:

  • Stimulus package as a share of GDP
  • Income support
  • Debt-forbearance

Public Communications:

  • Instances of misinformation by leadership
  • Limitations on press freedom, censorship

Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:

  • Death rates per 1 million
  • Case rates per 1 million