Foreign visitors have helped prop up the faltering Italian economy. If they don’t come back, the country is in trouble.
- 73.8 Public Health
- 0 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and relatively strong public health policies helped slow the spread and resulted in a relatively strong performance; its relatively limited financial response could have been impacted by its high levels of debt.
Despite a relatively strong overall healthcare system, Italy’s very low number of hospital beds likely played a major role in COVID-19’s devastating impact there.
- Debt/GDP ratio 135.5%
- GDP/capita $41,582
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 35.9
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 88.7
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 24.1
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Oct 1.)
Public Health Directives
Italy’s limited testing and low emergency healthcare spending likely played a role in it becoming an epicenter of the pandemic early on, but its strong policy response likely helped the country manage its case spike fairly quickly.
- Stay at home order 0
- Public gathering restrictions 2
- School closings 0
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 2
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $122.23
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 187.5
- Contact tracing 2
Italy has a very weak score on financial support, driven largely by its low level of income support for workers, which it also implemented fairly late in the crisis.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 12.7%
- Income support 1
- Debt forebearance 2
Italy’s government has not engaged in misinformation or limited press freedom in response to COVID-19.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Oct 1
Italy’s current status with COVID-19 is relatively strong, with a high death rate balanced by a very low positivity rate, likely due to strong public health policy.
- Total deaths 35,894
- Death rate per 100K 593.7
- Total cases 314,861
- Cases per 100K 5,208
- Percent of positive tests 1.9
- Change in positivity rates +0.9
|1||May 18||Retail, restaurants, and hairdressers reopen||15.04|
|2||May 25||Sports facilities reopen||10.45|
|3||Jun 15||cinemas and theaters reopened||4.70|
|4||Aug 17||Nightclubs close, masks mandated||7.91|
|5||Sep 14||Some schools reopen||23.91|
|6||Sep 18||Relaxes ban on spectators at sporting events, allowing up to 1,000 fans per game||23.26|
- Italy maintains lockdown: Italy's numbers have dropped as quarantine measures have been maintained, keeping second wave at bay. A new rule requires all French travelers to be tested to enter the country. Read More
- Migrants become targets for right-wing politicians: As COVID-19 numbers climb in Italy, right-wing political leaders are inaccurately blaming migrants for the rise. Read More
- Rising cases amidst relaxed public prompt increased restrictions: With a rise in COVID-19 cases, likely due to an increasingly relaxed populace, Italy closed nightclubs and mandated face masks. Read More
- Strict lockdown succeeds at price of economic health: Italy's tourist industry has maintained its economy through economic downturns and global recessions, but COVID-19's devastating early impact on Italy, and its related travel restrictions, have eliminated this economic safety net, raising questions about Italy's reslience and post-pandemic recovery. Read More
- Working mothers bear brunt of crisis: The government allocated $8.6 billion to support families and businesses during Italy's strict lockdown. Despite this intervention, NGOs are predicting that working women will be the Italians hardest hit by the pandemic. Nearly three quarters of working mothers have continued to work outside the home throughout the pandemic, and 70 percent of those who have contracted COVID-19 at work are female, due to their over-representation in essential work. Read More
- COVID-19 requires new response to migration: Southern Italy remains a popular entry point for migrants crossing the Mediterranean, necessitating new protocols for migrant arrivals. In early July, 180 migrants rescued from the sea were subjected to a two-week quarantine on board a ship docked in Sicily, where NGOs have reported a high incidence of violence and suicide attempts. Read More
Compared with Neighboring/Nearest Countries
Per 1M 1,782
Switzerland's reliance on facts and an open media drove its score up to the median, helping to counter weak financial support and limited restrictions on social interactions.
Per 1M 31,956
Despite strong financial support and a reliance on facts, France’s weak public health directives, particularly its relaxed lockdown, and limited testing keep its score near the median.
Per 1M 31,973
Spain has a median score due to reliance on facts and an open media and a generous debt-forbearance policy. However, limited restrictions on public interactions and little stimulus support may be the reason why its cases are once again rising rapidly, bringing its score down.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million