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- 19.7 Public Health
- 30.1 Financial
- 88 Fact-Based
The Netherlands’ overall policy is now near the median, a significant improvement from January, driven by a stronger financial response despite its low testing levels and limited lockdown.
The Netherlands scored extremely well on most categories, except for hospital beds.
- Debt/GDP ratio 52.4%
- GDP/capita $60,299
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 28.5
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 89.5
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 33.6
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Oct 1.)
Public Health Directives
The Netherlands’ poor public health policy score was greatly impacted by the country’s limited stay-at-home policy and travel restrictions, minimal testing, and few emergency healthcare funds.
- Stay at home order 1
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 0
- Public event cancellations 1
- Testing policy 2
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $1.50
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 143
- Contact tracing 2
Despite generous income support, the Netherlands has a relatively weak financial score, driven by a small stimulus package and very weak debt forbearance.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 16.7%
- Income support 2
- Debt forebearance 1
The Netherlands’ government is strong in this category, as it has not limited press freedom in response to COVID-19, although the government has argued that there is no evidence for facemask effectiveness.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Oct 1
Despite the lack of a strict lockdown, the Netherlands’ rate of cases has remained comparatively low, likely impacted by its testing a wide range of the population and strong pre-pandemic capabilities, resulting in a relatively high score, although the higher death rate is notable.
- Total deaths 6,397
- Death rate per 100K 373.3
- Total cases 120,713
- Cases per 100K 7,045
- Percent of positive tests 8.8
- Change in positivity rates +7.4
|1||May 11||Childcare, primary schools, and some businesses are allowed to open||17.14|
|2||Jun 01||More businesses (including restaurants, cafes, and cultural institutions) reopen||10.06|
|3||Jul 01||More than 100 people are allowed in closed spaces; numbers at cinemas are not limited; and the travel ban from 14 EU countries is lifted||4.59|
|4||Aug 06||Begin compulsory Covid-19 testing at Schiphol airport and mandatory temporary closing of entertainment businesses experiencing an outbreak||23.01|
|5||Aug 18||Reinstate recommendation to work from home if possible, and to limit households to have no more than 6 people.||35.73|
- Government reverses course and supports masks After a rise in cases, the Dutch government reversed its earlier views and recommended the use of face masks in public places. Read More
- Cases surge weekly: 60% week-on-week increase in COVID cases, but relatively low death rate (30%). Read More
- COVID-19 restraints rebellion thwarted: The Dutch government has charged celebrities for lack of "honesty and transparency" about the effectivneness of face masks and the 1.5-metre social distancing rule. Read More
- Reinfection found in Netherlands: A patient in the Netherlands has been found to have been reinfected with COVID-19. Read More
- Dutch leaders continue mask aversion: Dutch officials continue to refuse to mandate masks, arguing that there is no scientic evidence that masks prevent COVID-19. Read More
- High public trust saw success despite few restrictions: The Dutch government did not impose a strict lockdown, keeping shops and the country's borders open. Instead, the authorities have relied on self-regulation, which appears to have worked. One survey found that 93 percent of respondents were choosing to stay home as much as possible and practicing social distancing. Read More
- Income support contingent on staff retention: In early July, the government launched a second round of business support, reimbursing up to 90 percent of salary costs on the condition that businesses fire no more than 20 people and provide training and re-training opportunities to employees where possible. Read More
Compared with Neighboring/Nearest Countries
Per 1M 10,020
Belgium has a relative strong score, with its generous income support and strong testing and contact tracing countered by limited public health directives.
Per 1M 9,500
Germany has improved its score a bit in the past few months, after a sharp decline in the fall. Its improvements in contact tracing, which are already likely underestimated in the data, and restrictions on public gatherings, have played important roles in this turnaround, although there has been a recent spike in cases, likely due to both recent restriction relaxations and vaccine rollout issues.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million