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- 30.6 Public Health
- 41.3 Financial
- 80 Fact-Based
Spain scores below the median, with limited restrictions on public interactions contributing to consistently high case rates and minimal stimulus support bringing down its score.
Spain did well in most subcategories, but its low number of hospital beds likely played a large role in officials struggling with the COVID-19 case spike, bringing its score down.
- Debt/GDP ratio 97.1%
- GDP/capita $43,008
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 34.7
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 89.6
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 21.2
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Jan 1.)
Public Health Directives
Spain has relatively weak public health policy, driven by a relaxed stay-at-home policy, few public gathering restrictions, limited testing, and minimal funds allocated for emergency healthcare spending.
- Stay at home order 2
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 1
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 0
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $90.12
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 467.5
- Contact tracing 2
Spain's financial response score is near the median, due to the late implementation of income support and debt forbearance.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 10.7%
- Income support 2
- Debt forebearance 2
Spain’s government has been relatively strong in this category, as it has not engaged in misinformation, but it has limited the media’s access to information regarding COVID-19.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 1
COVID-19 Status as of Jan 1
Spain scores poorly in country status, as case and death rates are climbing up once again.
- Total deaths 50,837
- Death rate per 100K 1087.3
- Total cases 1,928,265
- Cases per 100K 41,242
- Percent of positive tests 7.1
- Change in positivity rates -3.9
|1||May 26||Schools, theaters, and exhibitions partially reopen||12.90|
|2||Jun 10||Bars and restaurants reopen||5.97|
|3||Aug 14||Nightclubs close, outdoor consumption of alcohol is banned, and bars and restaurants must close by 1 am||86.93|
|4||Sep 21||Begin localized lockdowns in parts of Madrid||237.53|
|5||Oct 25||New state of emergency declared||334.79|
|6||Oct 28||Reimpose restrictions on sports events and gatherings||400.90|
- Spain aims for two-thirds vaccination by summer 2021: Spanish Health Minister Salvador Illa announced that the country's vaccination program will start in January and aim to reach over two-thirds of the population of 47 million by summer, achieving some level of herd immunity. Read More
- Negative test required for visitors from high-risk countries: In late November, Spain announced new restrictions for visitors from high-risk countries, which currently include every major European nation except Finland and Norway. Travellers must submit certification of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Read More
- Barcelona charity throws concert to test COVID screenings: The Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation threw a concert in partnership with Barcelona's Primavera Sound festival in mid-December to test the effectiveness of rapid screening to hold cultural events safely. Five hundred people were selected to take an antigen screening test and then attend a five-hour concert, wearing facemasks. Read More
- New outbreak results in lockdown measures reimposed: Healthcare workers in hospitals were infected after gathering for a retirement party, leading to reimposed lockdown measures to curb the spread of the virus. Read More
- Pandemic-denier arrested: The Spanish police arrested a COVID-19 denier for using fake social media accounts to claim health professionals and the media were behind a "COVID farce" and urging followers to attack politicians. Read More
- Spain expands testing in bid to understand second wave: The government is overseeing an expanded and randomized testing regime in a bid to understand the country's mounting second wave, which has seen high case incidences but low fatalities and hospitalizations. Doctors believe this may be due to the relatively younger profile of the new wave of COVID sufferers. Read More
- Spaniards divided over government response: New polling by Pew Research Center finds that Spain is divided over the government's coronavirus response, with 47 percent of respondents saying their country has done a bad job of dealing with the outbreak, and 53 percent saying the response has been good. Read More
Compared with EU Neighbors
Per 1M 64,892
France has greatly improved its public health policy from the early fall with strong restrictions on social gatherings, financial support and a reliance on facts.
Per 1M 34,145
Germany’s pandemic response has been praised around the world for its rapidly implemented contact tracing strategy and science-based leadership, although its public health policy declined significantly since the fall, bringing its overall score near the median; however, the data does not adequately account for Germany's contact tracing.
Per 1M 74,621
While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and relatively strong public health policies helped slow the spread; however, its public health score has dropped significantly since the early fall, as it is now facing another wave of the pandemic.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million