The nation was already on the economic brink before COVID-19 hit.
- 59 Public Health
- 46 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
Argentina’s very strong policy score is mainly due to its strong political response, characterized by clear, fact-based communication and regular press briefings by President Fernandez.
Low availability of hospital beds and a low GDP per capita kept Argentina near the median in its pre-pandemic capabilities.
- Debt/GDP ratio 86.1%
- GDP/capita $19,971
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 41.4
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 9
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 68.4
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 35.8
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Oct 1.)
Public Health Directives
Although it passed a strict stay-at-home order on March 19th, closing schools and banning public gatherings, Argentina’s limited testing, minimal travel restrictions, and release of less than $2 per capita in emergency healthcare funding bring down its score substantially.
- Stay at home order 3
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 3
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 1
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $1.62
- Travel restrictions 4
- Tests/1,000 people 37.2
- Contact tracing 2
While Argentina’s stimlus package represents a smaller share of its economy than in other countries in our sample, the country has implemented a generous policy targeting debt relief related to COVID-19, keeping its score near the median.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 6%
- Income support 1
- Debt forebearance 2
The Argentine authorities have consistently communicated fact- and science-based information to the public through weekly press briefings.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Oct 1
Argentina performs very poorly overall, and its extremely high positive test rate suggests that the country is only testing its sickest people, masking the true extent of COVID-19's spread, which is troubling because it has a very high case rate.
- Total deaths 16,937
- Death rate per 100K 374.7
- Total cases 750,988
- Cases per 100K 16,616
- Percent of positive tests 67.2
- Change in positivity rates +26.2
|1||Jul 17||Some shops, hair salons, professional services reopen; outdoor activities allowed||76.27|
|2||Jul 31||Lockdown is extended until August after cases rise||117.26|
|3||Sep 21||Lockdown further extended until October 11th.||241.66|
- Argentina in top 10 worse cases: 1 in 2 tests are positive, provinces instead of cities getting hit the hardest as economic pressures force government to ease lockdown restrictions. Read More
- Strict lockdown taking major economic toll: Imposing the strictest lockdown in Latin America, Argentina had early success limiting cases, but implementation has contributed to a major contraction in the economy. Read More
- Peronism facilitated public compliance: The lasting legacy of Peronism, particularly its popularity among low-income and informal workers, enabled the government to swiftly enact a strict lockdown, aided by its strong centralized government. Governors wishing to lift lockdowns in their states require permission from the President. Read More
- Debt burden hindered financial response: Argentina's historically rocky relationship with the IMF has hindered its ability to respond to the pandemic financially, as it must balance stabilization of its economy and responding to the needs of its citizens with the conditions of its debt restructuring agreement with the Fund. Read More
- Leader models behavior: Political leadership has been key to Argentina's relative success: on June 17 it was reported that President Fernandez would go into voluntary self-isolation following several instances of politicians catching coronavirus. He suspended all travel and in-person meetings, working from the presidential residence to set an example to the public. Read More
Compared with Other Western Hemisphere Countries
Per 1M 143,952
Brazil scores near the median, primarily due to its poor public health policies, especially its very low levels of testing, coupled with President Bolsonaro’s spreading of misinformation about the virus.
Per 1M 77,646
Mexico score has deteriorated over time, due primarily to its extremely weak financial response and relatively weak public health policy, including very limited testing.
39.1United States 7,233,043
Per 1M 206,928
The United States’ policy has been relatively weak, given the federal government’s limited use of facts and science, limited emergency healthcare spending, and limited debt relief.
Per 1M 9,297
Canada’s scores above the median, due to a generous financial response and a reliance on fact-based communications, but is hurt by a relaxed lockdown, poor contact tracing, and little emergency healthcare spending.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million