38.3 Overall Score (down 33.7 since Aug 1st.)


  • 20.2 Public Health
  • 4.2 Financial
  • 88 Fact-Based
  • 20.2 Public Health
  • 4.2 Financial
  • 88 Fact-Based

Indonesia scores relatively weakly, a big drop in the past few months, keyed by substantial weakening of travel restrictions, testing policy, and debt relief.

Pre-COVID Conditions

Despite a low debt-to-GDP ratio, Indonesia’s weak healthcare system, low number of hospital beds, and low GDP per capita put it in a very weak position to respond to the pandemic.

  • Debt/GDP ratio 30.1%
  • GDP/capita $14,841
  • Gini coefficient (out of 100) 39
  • Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 21
  • Healthcare access score (out of 100) 49.2
  • Hospital beds/1,000 People 8

Government Response

Select a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Mar 15.)

Public Health Directives

Indonesia’s relatively weak health score was brought down by worsening travel and testing policies.

  • Stay at home order 2
  • Public gathering restrictions 4
  • School closings 3
  • Public event cancellations 2
  • Testing policy 3
  • Emergency healthcare investments/capita $0.10
  • Travel restrictions 3
  • Tests/1,000 people 28.4
  • Contact tracing 2

Financial Response

Indonesia’s very weak score is due to a small financial stimulus. Despite the government offering some income support, this is unlikely to help the nearly 60 percent of Indonesians who work in the informal sector.

  • Financial stimulus as share of GDP 4.4%
  • Income support 1
  • Debt forebearance 1

Fact-Based Communication

Indonesia’s strong score is brought down by the fact that its health minister has promoted misinformation related to coronavirus, including that it could be prayed away or cured by drinking an herbal remedy mixed by the president.

  • Reliance on science/fact based information 1
  • Press freedom 0

COVID-19 Status as of Mar 15

While Indonesia managed to stave off a surge for the initial months of the virus, the country is experiencing a significant uptick in cases prompting more social restrictions.

  • Total deaths 5,498
  • Death rate per 100K 20.1
  • Total cases 1,425,044
  • Cases per 100K 147
  • Percent of positive tests 12.3
  • Change in positivity rates -6.4
Case Trend Line
Daily cases Level 1 Lockdown Level 2 Lockdown
Date Status New Cases/1M
1 Jun 15 Restrictions at malls ease 3.72
2 Jun 20 Restrictions at parks and recreation areas ease 4.48
3 Jul 16 Extension of large-scale social restrictions until end of July 5.76
4 Sep 09 Jakarta's governor announces further social restrictions 12.09
5 Jan 06 Implemented tighter social restrictions in Java and Bali regions, extended through February 8th 32.37

Differentiating Factors

Compared with Other Island Nations
  • 93.7
    Iceland 6,083
    Per 1M

    Iceland has a very strong score, owing heavily to its reliance on facts as well as generous debt and income support; its large improvement since January was keyed by significant improvements in public health policy and financial support.

  • 72.7
    Japan 448,000
    Per 1M

    Japan has a strong overall score, driven by its generous financial response and a reliance on facts, although its public health policy is very weak.

  • 100
    New Zealand 2,432
    Per 1M

    New Zealand has had very strong policy, particularly with regard to its reliance on science and facts and its relatively strong financial response.

Further Reading From Foreign Policy

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New Zealand

Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:

Pre-COVID Conditions:

  • Debt to GDP ratio
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Hospital beds per 1,000 people
  • Gini coefficients measuring inequality
  • Health access and quality

COVID-19 Public Health Directives:

  • Stay-at home orders
  • School-closing policy
  • Public-gathering restrictions
  • Cancellation of public events
  • Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
  • Emergency healthcare spending per capita
  • Travel restrictions
  • Contact tracing

COVID-19 Financial Response:

  • Stimulus package as a share of GDP
  • Income support
  • Debt-forbearance

Public Communications:

  • Instances of misinformation by leadership
  • Limitations on press freedom, censorship

Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:

  • Death rates per 1 million
  • Case rates per 1 million