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- 20.2 Public Health
- 4.2 Financial
- 88 Fact-Based
Indonesia scores relatively weakly, a big drop in the past few months, keyed by substantial weakening of travel restrictions, testing policy, and debt relief.
Despite a low debt-to-GDP ratio, Indonesia’s weak healthcare system, low number of hospital beds, and low GDP per capita put it in a very weak position to respond to the pandemic.
- Debt/GDP ratio 30.1%
- GDP/capita $14,841
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 39
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 21
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 49.2
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 8
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Mar 15.)
Public Health Directives
Indonesia’s relatively weak health score was brought down by worsening travel and testing policies.
- Stay at home order 2
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 3
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 3
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $0.10
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 28.4
- Contact tracing 2
Indonesia’s very weak score is due to a small financial stimulus. Despite the government offering some income support, this is unlikely to help the nearly 60 percent of Indonesians who work in the informal sector.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 4.4%
- Income support 1
- Debt forebearance 1
Indonesia’s strong score is brought down by the fact that its health minister has promoted misinformation related to coronavirus, including that it could be prayed away or cured by drinking an herbal remedy mixed by the president.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 1
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Mar 15
While Indonesia managed to stave off a surge for the initial months of the virus, the country is experiencing a significant uptick in cases prompting more social restrictions.
- Total deaths 5,498
- Death rate per 100K 20.1
- Total cases 1,425,044
- Cases per 100K 147
- Percent of positive tests 12.3
- Change in positivity rates -6.4
|1||Jun 15||Restrictions at malls ease||3.72|
|2||Jun 20||Restrictions at parks and recreation areas ease||4.48|
|3||Jul 16||Extension of large-scale social restrictions until end of July||5.76|
|4||Sep 09||Jakarta's governor announces further social restrictions||12.09|
|5||Jan 06||Implemented tighter social restrictions in Java and Bali regions, extended through February 8th||32.37|
- UK variant strains detected: Indonesia reported its first two cases of the British variant of COVID-19, and it plans to increase monitoring at airports. Read More
- Punishment for those who refuse vaccine: Indonesia is mandating vaccination for those eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine, and local governments can now punish those who refuse the vaccine with fines or by stopping or delaying social assistance programs and administrative services. Read More
- China's Sinovac vaccine approved for emergency use: Indonesia approved China's Sinovac vaccine for emergency use for the elderly, a population that was placed behind the working population for vaccine priority. Read More
- Vaccine delays impacting cases: A combination of issues with refrigeration, distrust, and misinformation has had a negative impact on Indonesia's vaccination rollout, resulting in cases and deaths rising rapidly, and a healthcare system that is overwhelmed. Read More
- Clerics declare vaccine halal: Religious clerics in Indonesia declared China's Sinovac vaccine to be halal, days before Indonesia was set to begin vaccinations with it. Read More
- Pandemic sparks country's first recession in 20 years: Driven by COVID-19, Indonesia faces its first recession in more than two decades, though officials feel the worst is over. Read More
- Civil society tries to counter government misinformation: Civil society throughout Indonesia has worked hard to counter factually incorrect claims by government leaders, along with overly optimistic claims they make about the country's increasingly troubling COVID-19 situation. Read More
Compared with Other Island Nations
Per 1M 3
Iceland has a very strong score, owing heavily to its reliance on facts as well as generous debt and income support; its large improvement since January was keyed by significant improvements in public health policy and financial support.
Per 1M 1,146
Japan has a strong overall score, driven by its generous financial response and a reliance on facts, although its public health policy is very weak.
100New Zealand 2,432
Per 1M 3
New Zealand has had very strong policy, particularly with regard to its reliance on science and facts and its relatively strong financial response.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million