56.6 Overall Score (down 4.5 since Aug 1st.)

Finland

  • 8.6 Public Health
    Directives
  • 44.2 Financial
    Response
  • 100 Fact-Based
    Communication
  • 8.6 Public Health
    Directives
  • 44.2 Financial
    Response
  • 100 Fact-Based
    Communication

Clear, fact-based communications and a generous stimulus package have been instrumental factors in Finland's COVID-19 response, with the country managing to keep cases relatively low.

Pre-COVID Conditions

Finland has the lowest level of inequality in the Index and widely accessible healthcare, which support its ability to respond to coronavirus, although it also has a very low number of hospital beds.

  • Debt/GDP ratio 59.3%
  • GDP/capita $49,548
  • Gini coefficient (out of 100) 27.4
  • Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 1
  • Healthcare access score (out of 100) 89.6
  • Hospital beds/1,000 People 31.4

Government Response

Select a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Oct 1.)
8.6

Public Health Directives

Finland has mobilized no emergency health funds, which, coupled with a relatively relaxed lockdown and minimal testing, give it a relatively weak public health policy score.

  • Stay at home order 0
  • Public gathering restrictions 0
  • School closings 1
  • Public event cancellations 1
  • Testing policy 2
  • Emergency healthcare investments/capita $20.39
  • Travel restrictions 3
  • Tests/1,000 people 189.3
  • Contact tracing 1
44.2

Financial Response

Finland’s financial response is around the median, driven by a generous stimulus package and income support.

  • Financial stimulus as share of GDP 18.8%
  • Income support 2
  • Debt forebearance 1
100

Fact-Based Communication

Finland’s prime minister conducts regular press briefings, and press freedom is high.

  • Reliance on science/fact based information 0
  • Press freedom 0

COVID-19 Status as of Oct 1

Finland performs very strongly in this category, with very low death and case rates and a low positivity score.

  • Total deaths 344
  • Death rate per 100K 62.1
  • Total cases 9,992
  • Cases per 100K 1,803
  • Percent of positive tests 0.9
  • Change in positivity rates +0.7
Case Trend Line
Daily cases Level 1 Lockdown
Date Status New Cases/1M
1 May 14 Primary and secondary schools reopen 12.40
2 Jun 01 Restaurants and public facilities reopen; gatherings up to 50 people are allowed (increased from 10) 7.22
3 Jul 31 Public events with more than 500 people allowed 1.32

Differentiating Factors

Compared with Neighboring Countries
  • 64.3
    Norway 13,914
    Cases
    2,567
    Per 1M
    274
    Deaths

    Norway scores just above the median, pulled down by its weak public health score, countering its semi-strong financial response and reliance on facts and a free press.

  • 58.2
    Sweden 93,615
    Cases
    9,270
    Per 1M
    5,893
    Deaths

    Despite being known for a relatively strong public healthcare system, Sweden has been hit hard with cases; the country’s lack of stay-at-home orders and school closures, limited testing, and few gathering restrictions overshadowed its financial support and a reliance on facts and accountability with an open press.

  • 70.4
    Denmark 27,998
    Cases
    4,834
    Per 1M
    650
    Deaths

    Denmark’s relatively strong score can be credited to a capable pre-existing healthcare system and to fiscal responses that prioritize safeguarding employment.

Further Reading From Foreign Policy

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New Zealand

Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:

Pre-COVID Conditions:

  • Debt to GDP ratio
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Hospital beds per 1,000 people
  • Gini coefficients measuring inequality
  • Health access and quality

COVID-19 Public Health Directives:

  • Stay-at home orders
  • School-closing policy
  • Public-gathering restrictions
  • Cancellation of public events
  • Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
  • Emergency healthcare spending per capita
  • Travel restrictions
  • Contact tracing

COVID-19 Financial Response:

  • Stimulus package as a share of GDP
  • Income support
  • Debt-forbearance

Public Communications:

  • Instances of misinformation by leadership
  • Limitations on press freedom, censorship

Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:

  • Death rates per 1 million
  • Case rates per 1 million