Foreign visitors have helped prop up the faltering Italian economy. If they don’t come back, the country is in trouble.
- 57.4 Public Health
- 0 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
While hit hard by COVID-19, Italy’s reliance on facts and improved contact tracing has helped slow the spread and slightly improved its overall score since January.
Despite a relatively strong overall healthcare system, Italy’s low number of hospital beds likely played a major role in COVID-19’s devastating impact there.
- Debt/GDP ratio 135.5%
- GDP/capita $41,582
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 35.9
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 88.7
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 24.1
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Jan 1.)
Public Health Directives
Italy’s limited testing and low emergency healthcare spending likely played a role in it becoming an epicenter of the pandemic early on, but its policy response likely helped the country manage its first wave; however, it is still near the median score for public health, which is a concern, given its rapid rise in cases.
- Stay at home order 2
- Public gathering restrictions 4
- School closings 3
- Public event cancellations 2
- Testing policy 2
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $122.23
- Travel restrictions 3
- Tests/1,000 people 442.5
- Contact tracing 1
Italy has a very weak score on financial support, driven largely by its low level of income support for workers, which it also implemented fairly late in the crisis.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 13%
- Income support 1
- Debt forebearance 2
Italy’s government has not engaged in misinformation or limited press freedom in response to COVID-19.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Jan 1
Italy’s current status with regard to COVID-19 is weak; it has experienced a substantial rise in both case and death rates since the early fall as it may be entering a second wave, although strong restrictions have helped lower case rates substantially.
- Total deaths 74,621
- Death rate per 100K 1234.2
- Total cases 2,129,376
- Cases per 100K 35,219
- Percent of positive tests 11.9
- Change in positivity rates +10
|1||May 18||Retail, restaurants, and hairdressers reopen||14.35|
|2||May 25||Sports facilities reopen||10.09|
|3||Jun 15||cinemas and theaters reopened||4.75|
|4||Aug 17||Nightclubs close, masks mandated||8.06|
|5||Sep 14||Some schools reopen||23.57|
|6||Sep 18||Relaxes ban on spectators at sporting events, allowing up to 1,000 fans per game||23.95|
|7||Oct 25||Restaurants and bars must close at 6pm, max of 4 people per table||263.55|
|8||Nov 05||National curfew from 10pm to 5am, all museums and galleries close, all shopping centers close on weekends, schools go full-time online, public transportation only allowed with 50% capacity (from 80% before)||492.13|
- New COVID strain hits Italy: Italy recently found a patient with a new strain of coronavirus, and the country has shut down all flights from the United Kingdom, where the new strain was first reported. Read More
- COVID-19 spreading through Italian jails: COVID-19 cases have risen substantially in Italy's overcrowded jails, and a prison guard union is calling on the government to play a stronger role. Read More
- Second pandemic wave hitting Italy: Italy's poorer southern regions are being hit hard by a second wave of COVID-19 that has led to Italy leading Europe again in deaths from the virus. Read More
- Increased disunity in Italy amidst second coronavirus wave: Increased protests, anger, and opposition to lockdown rules have arisen in Italy since the fall's second wave of COVID-19, in sharp contrast to national unity in the spring. Read More
- Italy maintains lockdown: Italy's numbers have dropped as quarantine measures have been maintained, keeping a second wave at bay. A new rule requires all French travelers to be tested to enter the country. Read More
- Migrants become targets for right-wing politicians: As COVID-19 numbers climb in Italy, right-wing political leaders are inaccurately blaming migrants for the rise. Read More
- Rising cases amidst relaxed public prompt increased restrictions: With a rise in COVID-19 cases, likely due to an increasingly relaxed populace, Italy closed nightclubs and mandated facemasks. Read More
Compared with Neighboring/Nearest Countries
Per 1M 7,704
Switzerland's reliance on facts and an open media drove its score up to the median, helping to counter weak financial support and limited restrictions on social interactions.
Per 1M 64,892
France maintained its improved public health policy from the early fall, keeping its score relatively strong, although poor contact tracing and a relatively small stimulus package kept it from being higher.
Per 1M 50,837
Spain's score jumped since January to just over the median, having implemented stricter public health policies, but the country's minimal stimulus support still drags down its overall score.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million