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- 20.9 Public Health
- 52.4 Financial
- 100 Fact-Based
Norway scores just above the median, pulled down by its weak public health score, countering its semi-strong financial response and reliance on facts and a free press.
Norway ranked near the top in most categories in pre-pandemic preparedness, except for hospital beds.
- Debt/GDP ratio 40%
- GDP/capita $79,638
- Gini coefficient (out of 100) 27
- Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 2
- Healthcare access score (out of 100) 90.5
- Hospital beds/1,000 People 27.7
Government ResponseSelect a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Sep 1.)
Public Health Directives
Norway’s low public health policy score was negatively impacted by its lack of a lockdown, and limited testing policy and contact tracing.
- Stay at home order 0
- Public gathering restrictions 2
- School closings 0
- Public event cancellations 0
- Testing policy 2
- Emergency healthcare investments/capita $5.13
- Travel restrictions 2
- Tests/1,000 people 122.6
- Contact tracing 2
Norway scored above the median for its financial response, with generous debt support, although its stimulus package is limited.
- Financial stimulus as share of GDP 5.5%
- Income support 2
- Debt forebearance 2
Norway’s government is very strong in this category, as it has not engaged in misinformation or limited press freedom in response to COVID-19.
- Reliance on science/fact based information 0
- Press freedom 0
COVID-19 Status as of Sep 1
Norway performs very strongly in this category, with a very low death rate, low case rate, and low positivity score, which could be influenced by its strong pre-pandemic capacity, but is likely negatively impacted by its poor public health policies during the pandemic.
- Total deaths 264
- Death rate per 100K 48.7
- Total cases 10,644
- Cases per 100K 1,963
- Percent of positive tests 0.4
- Change in positivity rates 0
|1||May 07||Cinemas are allowed to reopen||7.54|
|2||May 11||Schools reopen (except for colleges and universities)||7.64|
|3||Jun 01||Bars reopen||2.69|
|4||Jun 15||Universities reopen||2.69|
- Cruise line accepts responsibility for missteps producing more cases: A cruise company in Norway is facing an outbreak and acknowledges it made mistakes along the way that likely increased the number of cases. Read More
- Sovereign wealth funded response: Norway withdrew an unprecedented $37 billion from its wealth fund to support its emergency response to coronavirus, more than four times any previous amount. The move demonstrates the scale of economic damage inflicted by both the pandemic and the slump in oil prices. Norway is western Europe's biggest crude oil exporter. Read More
- Schools re-opened with strict protocols: Norway began re-opening kindergartens and elementary schools in late April. Parents and children must follow strict social distancing protocols, and schools are encouraged to conduct as much class as possible outside. Norway's authorities cited Sweden and Denmark as indicators that children are not major transmitters of the virus. Read More
- Tracing app cancelled due to lack of cases: Norway's COVID-19 tracing app has been cancelled and all associated data deleted, after the country's data protection authority ruled that the app's 'invasion of privacy' was no longer justifiable in light of sustained low transmission rates. The app tracked and stored all GPS movements of users for 30 days. Read More
Compared with Other Nordic States
Per 1M 335
Clear, fact-based communications and a generous stimulus package have been instrumental factors in Finland's COVID-19 response, with the country managing to keep cases relatively low.
Per 1M 5,831
Despite being known for a relatively strong public healthcare system, Sweden has been hit hard with cases; the country’s lack of stay-at-home orders and school closures, limited testing, and few gathering restrictions overshadowed its financial support and a reliance on facts and accountability with an open press.
Per 1M 10
Iceland scores near the median, having strong public communications and testing but moderate interventions otherwise.
Further Reading From Foreign Policy
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Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:
- Debt to GDP ratio
- Infant mortality rates
- Hospital beds per 1,000 people
- Gini coefficients measuring inequality
- Health access and quality
COVID-19 Public Health Directives:
- Stay-at home orders
- School-closing policy
- Public-gathering restrictions
- Cancellation of public events
- Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
- Emergency healthcare spending per capita
- Travel restrictions
- Contact tracing
COVID-19 Financial Response:
- Stimulus package as a share of GDP
- Income support
- Instances of misinformation by leadership
- Limitations on press freedom, censorship
Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:
- Death rates per 1 million
- Case rates per 1 million