34.8 Overall Score (down 9.2 since Aug 1st.)


  • 10.7 Public Health
  • 39.3 Financial
  • 88 Fact-Based
  • 10.7 Public Health
  • 39.3 Financial
  • 88 Fact-Based

The Netherlands’ overall policy is now near the median, a significant improvement from January, driven by a stronger financial response despite its low testing levels and limited lockdown.

Pre-COVID Conditions

The Netherlands scored extremely well on most categories, except for hospital beds.

  • Debt/GDP ratio 52.4%
  • GDP/capita $60,299
  • Gini coefficient (out of 100) 28.5
  • Infant mortality rate (out of 1,000 live births) 3
  • Healthcare access score (out of 100) 89.5
  • Hospital beds/1,000 People 33.6

Government Response

Select a data point for more information
(Data points represent policy level as of Jan 1.)

Public Health Directives

The Netherlands’ extremely poor public health policy score was greatly impacted by the country’s limited stay-at-home policy and travel restrictions, minimal testing, and few emergency healthcare funds.

  • Stay at home order 1
  • Public gathering restrictions 4
  • School closings 1
  • Public event cancellations 2
  • Testing policy 2
  • Emergency healthcare investments/capita $1.50
  • Travel restrictions 3
  • Tests/1,000 people 298.6
  • Contact tracing 2

Financial Response

Despite generous income support, the Netherlands has a relatively weak financial score, driven by a small stimulus package and very weak debt forbearance.

  • Financial stimulus as share of GDP 16.7%
  • Income support 2
  • Debt forebearance 1

Fact-Based Communication

The Netherlands’ government is strong in this category, as it has not limited press freedom in response to COVID-19, although leaders argued early on that there was no evidence for facemask effectiveness.

  • Reliance on science/fact based information 1
  • Press freedom 0

COVID-19 Status as of Jan 1

The Netherlands has a poor score for country status, driven by its very high case rate and rise in positivity rate.

  • Total deaths 11,624
  • Death rate per 100K 678.4
  • Total cases 816,616
  • Cases per 100K 47,658
  • Percent of positive tests 13.6
  • Change in positivity rates +4.8
Case Trend Line
Daily cases Level 1 Lockdown Level 2 Lockdown
Date Status New Cases/1M
1 May 11 Childcare, primary schools, and some businesses are allowed to open 16.83
2 Jun 01 More businesses (including restaurants, cafes, and cultural institutions) reopen 9.19
3 Jul 01 More than 100 people are allowed in closed spaces; numbers at cinemas are not limited; and the travel ban from 14 EU countries is lifted 4.44
4 Aug 06 Begin compulsory COVID-19 testing at Schiphol airport and mandatory temporary closing of entertainment businesses experiencing an outbreak 26.81
5 Aug 18 Reinstate recommendation to work from home if possible, and to limit households to have no more than 6 people 43.10
6 Sep 28 Restaurants and bars must close by 10pm, outdoor gathering limit of 40 people, sporting events closed to the public, social gatherings in homes limited to 3 people 158.56
7 Oct 14 New partial lockdown: no more than 3 visitors per day in home, indoor and outdoor groups can't have more than 4 people from different households, all restaurants/bars closed (takout still allowed), retail stores close by 8pm, no alcohol sold after 8pm (and cannot have it in public in this time), coffee shops close by 8pm and only provide takeout, most events banned 387.49
8 Nov 04 Closed museums, theaters, cinemas, parks; limited gatherings from having more than 2 people from different households 532.01
9 Dec 01 Some of the stricter measures lifted, but lockdown still in place 288.68

Differentiating Factors

Compared with Neighboring/Nearest Countries
  • 56.3
    Belgium 648,289
    Per 1M

    Belgium has a relative strong score, with its generous income support and strong testing and contact tracing countered by limited public health directives.

  • 52.6
    Germany 1,762,637
    Per 1M

    Germany has improved its score a bit in the past few months, after a sharp decline in the fall. Its improvements in contact tracing, which are already likely underestimated in the data, and restrictions on public gatherings, have played important roles in this turnaround, although there has been a recent spike in cases, likely due to both recent restriction relaxations and vaccine rollout issues.

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New Zealand

Statistics and government response factors available on each country profile include:

Pre-COVID Conditions:

  • Debt to GDP ratio
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Hospital beds per 1,000 people
  • Gini coefficients measuring inequality
  • Health access and quality

COVID-19 Public Health Directives:

  • Stay-at home orders
  • School-closing policy
  • Public-gathering restrictions
  • Cancellation of public events
  • Testing policy and rates per 1,000 people
  • Emergency healthcare spending per capita
  • Travel restrictions
  • Contact tracing

COVID-19 Financial Response:

  • Stimulus package as a share of GDP
  • Income support
  • Debt-forbearance

Public Communications:

  • Instances of misinformation by leadership
  • Limitations on press freedom, censorship

Current/Historic In-Country COVID-19 Status:

  • Death rates per 1 million
  • Case rates per 1 million